<p><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">Ý nghĩa: giả tưởng trái vớithực tế<br /> <br /> Cấu trúc:  </span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">〔普通形〕の現在形+と〜(のに)</span></span></span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">Cách sử dụng:<br /> 1)Sử dụng cấu trúc </span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">「〜</span></span></span> <span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">と、</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">… </span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">のに/</span></span></span> <span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">けれど」</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">, giả tưởngnhững sự việc khác với thực tế bằng </span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">「〜と」</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif"> để thể hiện tâmtrạng luyến tiếc về việc không thể thực hiện được những việctrong </span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">「</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">…</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">」</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">. 2) Thường dùng </span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">「のに・けれど」</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">ở cuối câu.<br /> <br /> Ví dụ:<br /> <br /> ①</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">伊藤:きのうのパーティーは楽しかったですよ。木村さんも来られるとよかったのに。</span></span></span><br /> <span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">木村:そうですか。行けなくて、残念でした。</span></span></span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">②</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">田中さんは、もう少し友だちの意見を聞くといいのに</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">……</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">。</span></span></span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">③</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">(助手をする人について)もっと経験のある人だとよかったんだけれど。</span></span></span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">Ví dụ(có hiragana):<br /> <br /> ①</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">伊藤</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">いとう</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> :きのうのパーティーは楽しかったですよ。木村</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">きむら</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> さんも来</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">こ</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> られるとよかったのに。</span></span></span><br /> <span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">木村</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">きむら</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> :そうですか。行け</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">いけ</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> なくて、残念でした</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">ざんねんでした</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> 。</span></span></span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">②</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">田中</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">たなか</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> さんは、もう少し</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">すこし</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> 友だち</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">ともだち</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> の意見</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">いけん</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> を聞く</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">きく</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> といいのに</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">……</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">。</span></span></span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">③</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">(助手</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">じょしゅ</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> をする人</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">じん</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> について)もっと経験</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">けいけん</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> のある人</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">じん</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> だとよかったんだけれど。</span></span></span><br /> <br />  </p>