<p><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">Ý nghĩa: nghe nói là…<br /> <br /> Cấu trúc:  </span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">2)参照</span></span></span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">Cách sử dụng:<br /> 1) Là cách nói truyền đạt lại nội dung. </span></span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">2) Cách nói truyền đạt </span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">「そうだ」</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif"> thì chỉ đi với thể thông thường. </span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">「ということだ」</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">thì về mặt cơ bản cũng đi với thể thông thường nhưng vì cấutrúc này có tính trích dẫn trực tiếp nên cũng có khi dùng thểmệnh lệnh hay suy đoán như ví dụ ③. Thể quá khứ của cấutrúc này là </span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">「〜ということだった」</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">. Cấu trúc </span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">「とのことだ」</span></span></span> <span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">trongví dụ ②</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">〜</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">④ cũng có cùng ý nghĩa và cách dung với cấutrúc này. </span></span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">3) Cấu trúc </span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">「とのこと」</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif"> thì trong văn viết thư đượcdùng với ý nghĩa là </span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">「〜だそうですが」</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif"> giống như trong ví dụ ④.<br /> <br /> Ví dụ:<br /> <br /> ①</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">今は田畑しかないが、昔はこの辺りが町の中心だったということだ。</span></span></span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">②</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">新聞によると、あの事件はやっと解決に向かったとのことです。</span></span></span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">③</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">大統領の来日は今月</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">10</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">日ということだったが、来月に延期されたそうだ。また、今回は夫人は同行しないだろうとのことだ。</span></span></span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">④</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">お手紙によると、太郎君も来年はいよいよ社会人になられるとのこと、ご活躍を心から祈っています。</span></span></span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">Ví dụ(có hiragana):<br /> <br /> ①</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">今</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">いま</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> は田畑</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">たはた</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> しかないが、昔</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">むかし</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> はこの辺り</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">あたり</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> が町</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">まち</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> の中心</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">ちゅうしん</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> だったということだ。</span></span></span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">②</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">新聞</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">しんぶん</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> によると、あの事件</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">じけん</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> はやっと解決</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">かいけつ</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> に向かったとのことです。</span></span></span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">③</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">大統領</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">だいとうりょう</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> の来</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">らい</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> 日</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">にち</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> は今月</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">こんげつ</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span> <span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">10</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">日</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">にち</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> ということだったが、来月</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">らいげつ</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> に延期</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">えんき</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> されたそうだ。また、今回</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">こんかい</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> は夫人</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">ふじん</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> は同行</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">どうこう</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> しないだろうとのことだ。</span></span></span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">④</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">お手紙</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">てがみ</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> によると、太郎</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">たろう</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> 君</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">くん</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> も来年</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">らいねん</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> はいよいよ社会</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">しゃかい</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> 人</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">じん</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> になられるとのこと、ご活躍</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">かつやく</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> を心から</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">(</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif">こころから</span></span></span><span style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif">)</span></span></span><span lang="JA" style="font-size:11.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:"Yu Mincho",serif"> 祈っています。</span></span></span><br /> <br />  </p>